The Cusco city tour and ruins is the best option to start getting to know the Inka culture, since during the Cusco city tour you can see in the architecture, the different stages that the history of Peru and Cusco, from the pre - Inka era, beginnings of the Tahuantinsuyo culture, going through the colonial era, the republican era , until arriving at our days, only the Cusco maintains all these historical traces.
Cusco, in Quechua means "Navel" or figuratively, "center", because from the city of Cusco a vast network of roads started (Inca Trail ) that was address to four regions, which made up the 4 parts of the universe in the Andean cosmovision. Considered by the Incas to be the "dwelling place of the gods", Cusco is undoubtedly the most fascinating city of the Andes.
You should know that walking through the Historic Center of the City of Cusco means traveling through places that were designed by the Inca civilization. The fusion of the Andean and Spanish cultures in the middle of beautiful landscapes, make Cusco, a place of incomparable beauty, that preserves many ancestral customs and traditions, in one of the most cosmopolitan cities in Peru. A Cusco city tour and ruins will give you the opportunity to walk among colonial buildings built above walls of ancient palaces and temples of the Inca Empire. The fusion of these architectural styles makes the imperial city of Cusco a unique place in the world, where you can see true architectural gems, many of them could well be considered works of art.
13:30 We pick you up from your hotel
13:50 Guided tour of the Cathedral of Cusco
14:30 Guided tour of the Temple of the Sun
15:00 Visit to Sacsayhuamán and guided tour
16:00 Guided tour to Q'enqo
16:30 Guided tour to Pukapukara ruins
17:00 Guided tour to Tambomachay ruins
18:30 Return to Cusco
We recommended take a small rucksack with:
You will be picked up from you hotel at approximately 13:00 to start the Cusco city tour and ruins. Our first stop will be the Cathedral of Cusco (entrance fee: S/25 - U$ 7.8), that is located in the main square of the city. It is a colonial monument of great artistic value built on the Palace of the Inca Wiracocha, and now inside you can see the carved wood works like the choir, the pulpit and the altars, in the same way, the beautiful paintings of the Cusco school and items of embossed silver.
After touring this sacred building you will continue on foot with your group through an ancient Inca-built street from the Main Square to the Temple of the Sun (entrance fee : S/15 - U$ 5) or Qoricancha. A religious center built to worship the Sun, the most important and venerated deity of the time of the Incas. It is the maximum expression of the Inca architecture and engineering; in addition, you can appreciate beautiful paintings of the Cusco school in its colonial art gallery.
Continue your Cusco city tour; the group will walk down to the principal avenue of the Cusco, where you will take the bus again. The first stop is the impressive fortress of Sacsayhuamán, located 2 kolimeters from the city. It is famous for its huge carved stones, some of which are 9 meters or 30 feet high and weigh more than 350 tons. This admirable fortress is made up of three superimposed platforms that average 360 meters in length. From the place, you get a spectacular view of the entire city of Cusco and the beautiful panorama, highlighting the peaks of the hills around Cusco.
From Sacsayhuaman will go by bus to the farthest archaeological site, Tambomachay, located about 8 kilometers in the north of Cusco. An archaeological site dedicated to the worship of water and as a place to rest for the head of the Inca Empire. This place is also called the Inca´s shower. It consists of a series of aqueducts, canals and several waterfalls that run along the rocks. The surprising thing about this is that from a main waterfall, the Incas created two secondary waterfalls, which are exactly the same. That is, if one places two empty bottles, one in each waterfall, the two are filled at the same time. Then you will visit Qenqo Archaeological Complex, made up by the archaeological groups of Big Q'enqo and Small Q'enqo. It was considered as a center of worship. Etymologically, it means labyrinth or zigzag, fulfilled a purely religious function, being on the outside a semicircular amphitheater with 19 trapezoidal niches and a monolith that simulates being a puma which measures approximately six meters. The last visit is to Puka Pukara, which means "red fortress", because the calcareous stones with it was built have acquired the reddish coloration of the terrain, very abundant in iron. Is allege that it had the function of protecting Tambomachay, an important palace in the Inca time. But that, in turn, was a "tambo", a collective shelter that offered inn and food to the travelers, as well as to the delegation that had to accompany the Inka in his retirement in Tambomachay.
After finishing the visit of the archaeological sites we will return to Cusco by bus, arriving by approximately 18:30.
Wear comfortable clothing, hiking pants and T-shirts during the day, and sweaters, raincoat and jackets for night. Remember in Cusco the weather changes easily and rains can suddenly occur.
These are the places where you can buy the Cusco Tourist Ticket:
The price for this ticket is S/70 (U$22) S/40 (U$13) for students with a valid ISIC card. It is valid for 1 day. Only you can visit Cusco city tour, Sacred Valley or Maras with this ticket. Not included the Cusco museums, Pachacutec Monument and the Centro Qosqo (It's a theatre where you can appreciate the typical dance of Cusco)
Please Note: In this general tourist tickets. Not include entrance to Qoricancha or the Cathedral of the Cusco. Entrance to Qoricancha is S/15 or S/10 for student. Entrance to The Cathedral is S/25 or S/12.50 for student.