Arequipa is the second most important city of Peru. It is on the south of the country on a fertile Valley and on the shade of the Misti Volcano, which is the emblem of the city. Arequipa was founded in 1540 and is a magnificent work of art. It has one the most beautiful main squares of the country and many beautiful monuments of baroque, neo-classic and renaissance styles. Arequipa is known as the "Ciudad Blanca" (white city), due to the color of the volcanic rock sillar, used in the construction of churches and colonial houses. The Cathedral is on the Main Square and has two magnificent towers. In the nearby streets, is the Santa Catalina Monastery, a wonderful work of art in convent construction. This cloister housed many young female nobles and was kept closed for more than 400 years until 1970 when it was opened to visitors. The most outstanding religious complexes are La Compañia and San Francisco. The first was the home of the Jesuits in the 17th Century.
San Francisco has a church, a convent , a small temple and a handicraft fair called Fundo El Fierro. In the outskirts of the city is the Mansion del Fundador (a colonial house), and also La Compañia. Other very important places are the Colca and the Cotahuasi Cayons, and the Toro Muerto petroglyphs. The city also has several museums, among which is the one of the Juanita mummy, an Inca virgin discovered in 1995.
Recently UNESCO declared the city as Mankind's Historical Monument. Arequipa is a clear blue-sky city where many poets and important political people have been born.
Location: 1003 km. south of Lima
Altitude: 2335 MAMSL
Important Cities: Mollendo, Camana, Chival
The Stuffed Hot Peppers (baked hot peppers with mincemeat, spices, cheese, eggs and milk), Locro (with potatoes and stewed meat), marinade (thickened spicy pork), Spicy Shrimp, Spicy Lacayote, the golden Malay and the Guinea Pig. Traditionally, in Arequipa the food starts with the corn liquor, lighter and sweeter than others made in the Peruvian south, and is the one that will accompany us during our menu.
Start with a succulent shrimp suck, followed by the flag dish of the Arequipa kitchen: the Stuffed Hot Peppers. As a main course, the guinea pig, will fulfill the expectations of every gourmet. Before proceeding, it will not hurt, an anise Nájar, as a digestive. Among the desserts, buñuelos (flour, eggs and milk bathed in chancaca honey), frozen cheese (ice cream based on milk, cinnamon, coconut and spices), chocolates and toffees, we leave it to your choice.
What to do Arequipa Peru
To access the city's countryside you should go to the districts of Sabandía (9 km / 40 min), Characato (12.5 km / 45 min), Yumina (25 min), Yarabamba (23.5 km / 35 minutes) and Quequeña (26 km / 40 min.) There are public buses that pass through the center of the city.
To access the Salinas Lagoon, go to the district of Chiguata by a paved road, the distance is 25 km and 45 minutes. Then continue on a dirt road to the Salinas lagoon (43.5 km / 2 hours). In particular mobility is also accessed by the highway Arequipa - Yura, the journey is about 1 hour and 30 minutes (80 km).
From Arequipa, take the Panamericana Sur highway in the western direction of the city until you reach the Interoceanic highway and continue until Mollendo passing through the port of Matarani. The distance is 126 km, it takes 2 hours and 30 minutes in interprovincial bus and 2 hours in particular mobility. Then continue in the south direction of Mollendo for 20 km more until you reach the National Sanctuary of Mejía Lagoons. In particular mobility the delay takes 30 min. The whole route is paved.
151 km from Arequipa to Chivay (3 hours by car and 3 hours and 30 minutes by public bus). 42 km from Chivay to the Mirador de la Cruz del Cóndor (1 hour and 30 minutes in private mobility).
From Arequipa the distance is 173 km on a paved road and it takes 3 hours on interprovincial bus and 3 hours on private mobility.
126 km from the city of Arequipa, 2 h in private mobility.
The trip to the Colca can be done independently and in an organized way through a travel agency. But for travelers who are encouraged to go on their own, the first thing is to be in the city of Arequipa, then go to the Terrestrial Terminal of Arequipa, where you must take the buses to Chivay and / or Cabanaconde, these two main locations of the valley that depart from the Terrestrial Terminal of Arequipa from 01:00 hours to 16:00 hours. The journey takes approximately 3 hours of travel. The trip from Arequipa to Chivay, starts leaving behind the city of Arequipa, going through "cone norte" and Yura, then towards Pampa de Arrieros, from where you can see the impressive volcanoes Sabancaya, Misti, and Chachani, and places along of the journey. During the first hour of the trip you will take us on a paved road with a single track, where you have to drive very carefully and climb from Arequipa to 4,000 meters above sea level to enter the vast plain of Pampa Cañahuas, located on the National Reserve of Salinas and Aguada Blanca. Pampa Cañahuas located behind the snowy Chachani, at more than 4000 meters above sea level. This area is the preferred habitat for the protection of the vicuña, of the family of camelids, known internationally for the fineness of its wool. In this area it is possible to observe vicuñas in their natural state. The route continues, through a second plateau, a little higher than the previous one, where rock formations and vast landscapes are plagued by alpaca ranches scattered amidst poor pastures and immense mountains. Continuing the route, it is worth stopping at the Mirador de los Volcanes (Patapampa), at 4800 masl it is the highest point of the route, from where you can see the volcanic mountain range with its Misti and Chachani volcanoes and the Chila mountain range, which covers the volcanoes Ampato, Sabancaya, Hualca Hualca and Mismi that make up the chain of the western Andes of southern Peru, a fascinating place with breathtaking views. From there everything is downhill. It descends from 4,850 m. up to 3,639 m. In a descent where you begin to discover the Colca Valley, with its villages, arriving in Chivay first and Coporaque later, forming part of a unique landscape. The journey from the city of Arequipa ends in Chivay, after 3 hours of travel, where most of the travelers stay, in Chivay you will find most hotels and lodges, where you can also enjoy the thermal baths that is the outskirts of Chivay. Table of distance to get to the city of Arequipa, and be able to visit the Colca Canyon.
There are trips by direct plane from Arequipa to Cusco, the total distance by plane is 323 km, and it takes 24 minutes (800 km/h) long to fly.