The archeological park of Machu Picchu covers a wide spread territory inside the district of Machu Picchu, province of Urubamba, department of Cusco, it has a highly steep configuration and was populated by many groups in the past.
These people were gear components of large administrative machinery one nation, one state, with laws, authorities hierarchically ordered and towns connected by road networks.
This was a state that at one historical time became part of the great empire of the Tawantinsuyo (the nation of the four regions), and its capital, Cusco.
This huge Archeological park is now a Historical Sanctuary by government decree Nº001-81-AA of january 8 1981. This decree establishes its borders with a size of 32,592 hectares (80,536 acres). The sanctuary is located on the castern edge of the Vilcabamba andean chain, bordered by the Apurimac and Urubamba rivers.
The remains of many ancient populations that are part of this Archeological park, tell us that probably what we call the pre-Columbian city of Machu Picchu was the brightest star in this constellation of peoples. Furthermore, the population in this area is thought to have been much larger than today bacause buildings were also made of perishable materials that could not withstand the effects of time and weather. Only the solid constructions remain.
The scenery is beautiful and spectacular because of the capricious geography with large wrinkled surfaces, vertical drops, and frightening terraces. The variety of climate and soil are the principal factors that determine the variety of animals and plants living in a very small and unique habitat.
Hikes to machupicchu:
- Treking Machupicchu
- Llactapata trek to machupicchu
- Cachiccata trek machupicchu