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Which Animals can be seen in Machu Picchu?

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The Sanctuary of Machu Picchu has a rich biodiversity due to the combination of factors, is within a wide range of altitude, which provides a range of temperatures, and also the high mountains create favorable microclimates for the evolution of certain species and subspecies.

Thanks to the diversity of the existing micro regions inside the Machu Picchu reserve, you can find an impressive diversity of Machu Picchu animals in the area. That is why we have made a compilation of this Machu Picchu animals, beautiful creatures that we can see in our route to the citadel.

The strategic location of Machu Picchu between the Andes and the Amazon, allows the presence of microclimates that lead to the formation of fragile ecosystems that make life possible, small species; as insects, birds and mammals, among them stand, the “Cock of the Rocks” (rupicola peruviana) Peru’s national bird, the andean bear or spectacled bear, the condor, the kettle from the mountain, the dwarf deer, hummingbird of sword peak, river otter, Andean fox, the capisos, toucans and torrent duck, as the most representative; among these are some endangered species.

 

Machu-Picchu-Wildlife

 

Species in danger extinguishing

The Andean bear or spectacled bear is categorized as vulnerable both in Peru and globally, it is estimated that populations of spectacled bears in Peru will decrease by 30 percent in the next 30 years.

Another species that although being recovered, is still in the status of threatened species, is the cock of the rock (Rupicola peruviana).

The decrease in number of these species is due to the loss of their habitats, because of forest fires caused by human activity, plus persecution and hunting which they are subject. In 2014 was initiated the monitoring the occupation of spectacled bear searching for the conservation and reproduction of the species.

 

Spectacled bear in Machu Picchu

 

Important birds in the sanctuary of Machu Picchu 

Machu Picchu is also the home of one of the most diverse bird populations in the world. There are over 420 species and varieties of birds that nest in the area, making it a great destination for bird watchers. Many of the bird’s species found here are endemic, meaning that Machu Picchu is the only place in the world where you can find them. Studies suggest that this could be due to the extraordinarily stable climate that characterizes the area. Some of the unique birds found in Machu Picchu include the Versicoloured Barbet, the White-Tipped Swift, and the Collared Trogon, among others.

 

Andean-condor

"Andean condor"

Vultur gryphus

Torrent-Duck

"Torrent Duck"

Merganetta armata

Hooded-siskin

"Hooded siskin"

Carduelis magellanica

Green-Jay

"Green Jay"

Cyanocorax yncas

Black-backed-grosbeak

"Black backed grosbeak"

Pheucticus aueroventris

Blue-and-yellow tanager

"Blue and Yellow Tanager"

Thraupis bonariensis

Giant hummingbird

"Giant Hummingbird"

Patagona gigas

Green-tailed-trainbearer

"Green tailed trainbearer"

Lesbia nuna

Cinnamon-flycatcher"Cinnamon flycatcher"

Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea

Masked trogon

"Masked Trogon"

Trogon personatus 

Andean-cock-of-the-rock

"Cock of the Rocks"

Rupicola peruviana

Lyre-tailed-nightjar"Lyre tailed nightjar"

Uropsalis lyra

 

Camelids in the sanctuary of Machu Picchu 

Inhabitants par excellence of the high Andean plains, the Andean camelids are species perfectly adapted to their environment. Two of them - the Llama (Lama glama) and the alpaca (Lama pacos) - were domesticated by the Andean man more than ten thousand years ago to serve as beasts of burden, while the other two - the vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) and The guanaco (Lama guanicoe) remain in the wild, although its skin is used by man due to its high quality.

Llama

"Llama"

Alpaca

"Alpaca"

Vicuña

Vicuña  

GuanacoGuanaco

 

 

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