In southern Peru, on the eastern slope of the Central Andes, is located one of the many wonders of the world, the ruins of Machu Picchu. This fascinating Inca Andean town was built in the middle of the 15th century and historians point out that it was the resting place of the first Inca Emperor Pachacútec, as well as being a religious center.
Machu Picchu is as it is known today to this citadel of the Inca Empire whose ruins date from 1300 AD. However, "Old Mountain", as its translation indicates, comes from the Quechua native language, an autochthonous language still very present in some communities of the south of the country, where this city is known as Machu Picchu. This citadel still contains the remains of the ancient settlement formed by this town part of the Inca civilization, located east of the depression formed by the mountain systems Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu with the Central Andes in the south of the country. This geographical location on the eastern slope of the Vilcanota mountain range only 80 kilometers from the city of Cuzco, still has many of the remains and stone ruins built on all the slopes of these mountain systems, presenting the different historical periods of the Inca civilization that left its traces and who built Machu Picchu.
It was discovered in 1911 by Hiram Bingham, an American history professor, thanks to contacts with the settlers of that region who guided him to the area in question. His astonishment was unequaled.
As we do not have historical records about the construction of Machu Picchu, the exact date in which it was ordered and in which the work was executed are not entirely true.
There is an estimate that the construction of the Sanctuary was carried out in the middle of the 15th century. According to Carbon 14 tests carried out on remains found in the ruins date the date in 1450 of the Christian era under the reign of the Inca Pachacutec.
The Sanctuary was built under the orders of Emperor Pachacutec. This Inca was the first to leave Cusco and begin a period of expansion of the Inca Empire and for this he is known as the builder of Cusco.
Machu Picchu is undoubtedly one of the greatest works of Pachacutec. It is believed that the construction was intended as a refuge from the highest of the Inca artistocracy of the time.
Part of this theory derives from the level of luxury that was found in the ruins of some of the buildings of Machu Picchu.
If we think for two seconds about the situation we can visualize an expanding empire, unlimited resources, we could not expect Pachacutec to order an ordinary construction for high society.
Although at some point the theory that Pachacutec thought Machu Picchu with a military character was considered, later studies showed that for this to be the case fortifications were needed that were not present in the ruins of the citadel.
The difficulty of access presents the possibility that who built Machu Pichu could have thought of it as a refuge.
A work of such magnitude could only have been faced by an emperor with great mastery of his people.
We hope that this post has helped you to know a little more about Machu Picchu before your trip ... and if you already did it, to understand a little more how things worked at that time.
It is very interesting and important to know a little about the history of the Sanctuary before traveling.