Machu Picchu was probably the most amazing architectural realization of the Inca Empire in its heyday. Its walls, terraces and gigantic ramps give the impression of having been sculpted in the escarpments of the rock, as if they were part of it.
Machu Picchu is a place full of mysticism, it is a monument to the deity, where man really feels like a creature of the gods, the overwhelming look of his spirit, seems to transport him to a magical place where anything is possible, unimaginable way. It is a place where the strange forces of nature transport you to an incomparable cosmic state, a state that can only be experienced in Machu Picchu.
Machu Picchu is a World Heritage Site, one of the 7 new wonders of the world, one of the 100 places you must visit before dying, the Lost City of the Incas .... but, where is Machu Picchu located?
Machu Picchu, which in Spanish means "old mountain", is the most famous Inca citadel in the world. Located 110 kilometers northeast of Cusco, in the province of Urubamba, this architectural jewel is surrounded by temples, platforms and water channels.
The Inca ruins of Machu Picchu are located halfway between the peaks of both mountains, 450 meters above the level of the valley and 2,438 meters above sea level. The Quebrada de Machu Picchu is also located halfway between the Andes and the Amazon forest.
It is the most touristic place in the country of Peru, it is a sacred place of the Incas. Machu Picchu is located exactly in a stone village built on top of a mountain, 2,500 meters high.
To access where is Machu Picchu located, there are 112km of the railway line between the city of Cusco and the Puente Ruinas or Machu Picchu station. The trip starts at the train station in Ollantaytambo.
The impressive ruin of Machu Picchu lies at an altitude of 2,430 and 7,971 feet. Taking as reference the centric square of the Inca Citadel Machu Picchu is 2,490 meters above sea level.
The archaeological complex of the "Lost City" has an area of approximately 10 hectares. The Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu extends an area of 32,592 thousand hectares, 80,535 acres (325.29 km2, 125.83 m2), a super-broad land of the province of Urubamba in the department of Cusco. its coordinates are 13º 10 '19 "and 13º 14' 00" south latitude, and 72º 30 '5 "and 27º 36' 33" west longitude.
Visits to the Inca City of Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu tour can be done at any time of the year, and has a limit of 1,500 visitors per day.
The archaeological site of the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu is located within the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, declared as a Natural and Cultural Heritage of Humanity, is located 6 km from Machu Picchu Town, urban and commercial area, hotels and restaurants, to where tourists enter from Cusco or the Sacred Valley of the Incas to start their visit.
All visitors must acquire the entrance ticket to the archaeological zone in Machu Picchu Town. The ascent to the mountain can be done on foot or in mini buses, whose tickets must also be purchased in the town.
Alternatively you can reach where Machu Picchu is located through a trek on the Inca Trail 4 days.
Within the archaeological zone there are no hygienic services, nor sale of food or drinks. These services are located in the area adjacent to the control post, in the upper part of the mountain.
In order to prevent setbacks and long lines at the ticket sales offices, it is recommended to take an organized tour that includes guiding, tickets and transportation.
The daily service begins the ascent from the town to the archaeological zone at 5:30 am to 3 pm, every 15 minutes, the journey takes approximately 25 minutes. The return of the mini buses starts at 6:30 am. and the last service leaves at 5:45 pm.
All people must show at the checkpoint (upper part of the mountain) an entry ticket to Machu Picchu, which is only sold in the village. People who want to extend their visit to the mountain of Huayna Picchu should buy the extension of visit (is limited to 400 people per day).